On This Day 12 June
By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-06-12
The Peasant's Revolt arrived in Blackheath in 1381 (one cause being the socio-economic tensions following the Black Death Pandemic). Anne Frank would be celebrating her 91st birthday and Boris Yeltsin became the first elected President of Russia. Today we'll look briefly at Nelson Mandela who was sentenced to life in 1964.
A winner is a dreamer who never gives up
On this day in 1964 Nelson Mandela (known as Madiba - his Xhosa clan name) was found guilty by justice De Wet on four counts of sabotage and conspiracy to violently overthrow the government. He was on trial with five other accused of which two of the co-accused were also found guilty on all charges. The prosecution were calling for the death penalty, however justice De Wet sentenced them instead to life imprisonment.
He served 18 years of his sentence on Robben Island, where you can see his cell below.
Obama visiting Nelson Mandela's Robben Island Jail
They spent their days breaking rocks into gravel and were transferred in 1965 to work in a lime quarry. His eyesight was permanently damaged due to the glare from the lime as they were forbidden from wearing sunglasses.
It wasn't until 1989 when de Klerk (leader of the National Party) looked to legalise all previously banned political parties. This was announced in February of 1990 and Nelson Mandela was provided an unconditional release; he left prison on the 11th of February.
Nelson Mandela went on to become President of South Africa and was in office from 1994 to 1999.
Watch Nelson Mandela leave prison here
Watch Trevor Noah teach about Zulu's and speak some Xhosa
Sky News Video on Nelson Mandela
Other events on this day
- 1381: Peasant's Revolt arrive at Blackheath protesting poll tax
- 1665: New Amsterdam is renamed to New York and became an English Colony
- 1667: first blood transfusion (lamb's blood in France into a boy who makes a recovery)
- 1701: Act of Settlement passed by parliament in the UK
- 1898: Philippines declares independence from Spain
- 1929: Anne Frank was born; she got her diary as a birthday present in 1942
- 1964: Nelson Mandela sentenced to life
- 1967: interracial marriage legalised in the US
- 1991: Boris Yeltsin became Russia's first President
- 2018: Singapore Summit with North Korea and US