On This Day 14 August

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-08-14
In 1852 first public toilet opened on Fleet Street; in 1945 Japan surrendered; in 1947 Pakistan gained independence from the UK; in 1975 the Rocky Horror Picture Show premiered in the UK. In 1967 all offshore pirate radio stations were declared illegal.

Pirate radio stations declared illegal in 1967

The UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act was introduced to stop broadcasting from ships, aircraft and other marine structures.

In the 1960s broadcasting was controlled by the GPO (General Post Office) which had given exclusive radio broadcasting licenses to the BBC. The monopolies in the radio world had been broken in other nations through the transmission from ships that were in international waters.

Piracy? The debates in parliament about unlicensed broadcasting brought about the term pirate radio stations as the allegations from some members of parliament included the misappropriation of military installations, taking over wavelengths that had been allocated to others and playing music which had not been authorised by the owner.

Radio Caroline was one of the first pirate radio stations and was never actually illegal as it operated outside any national jurisdiction. The Marine Offences Act, however, meant that it became illegal for any Brit to be associated with it. It broadcast from 1964 to 1990 from various ships and then moved to broadcasting via satellite from 1998 to 2013.

In 2007 and 2007 Red Sands Radio broadcast from the Red Sands Fort with a restricted license to commemorate the pirate radio stations of the 60s.

red sands fort

Other events on this day

  • 1852: 1st public toilet opened on Fleet Street, London
  • 1945: Japan surrendered unconditionally to end WWII
  • 1947: Pakistan gained independence from the UK
  • 1967: all offshore pirate radio stations declared illegal (UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act)
  • 1975: The Rocky Horror Picture Show premiered in the UK
  • 2014: Scotland's last commercial shipyard (Ferguson Shipbuilders) went into administration
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