On This Day 16 September

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-09-16
In 1485 the Beefeaters (Yeomen Warders) were established; in 1975 Papua New Guinea gained independence from Australia; in 1997 Steve Jobs was named CEO; in 1998 Basque group ETA announced indefinite cease-fire; in 2019 a "thought and prayer" was valued at US$4. In 1770 Captain Cook was the first European to note the Aurora Australis

Southern Lights

You've no doubt heard of the Aurora Borealis, but did you know there's also the Aurora Australis, also known as the Southern Lights. On the 16th of September, 1770, Captain Cook was the first European to note the existence of the Aurora Australis.

The Southern Lights can be seen from Tasmania, New Zealand as well as Antarctica. Unlike the Northern Lights there is the chance to view the Southern Lights at any time during the year - assuming the conditions are correct of course. Winter is ideal given the longer nights.

Universe Today states "Like its northern sibling, the aurora australis is strongest in an oval centered on the south magnetic pole. This is because they are the result of collisions between energetic electrons (sometimes also protons) and atoms and molecules in the upper atmosphere … and the electrons get their high energies by being accelerated by solar wind magnetic fields and the Earth’s magnetic field (the motions are complicated, but essentially the electrons spiral around the Earth’s magnetic field lines and ‘touch down’ near to where those lines become vertical)."

Have a look at the below video from Timestorm Films is absolutely amazing!

Other events on this day

  • 1485: Beefeaters (Yeomen Warders) established
  • 1770: Captain Cook became the first European to note the Aurora Australis (Southern Lights)
  • 1975: Papua New Guinea gained full independence from Australia
  • 1997: Steve Jobs named interim CEO of Apple Computer Inc
  • 1998: Basque separatist group ETA announced an indefinite cease-fire
  • 2019: price of a "thought and prayer" put at US$4 for a prayer, an atheist would pay US$3 not to receive one source
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