On This Day 17 June

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-06-17
In 1579 Sir Francis Drake claimed modern California for England; 1885 the Statue of Liberty arrived in New York and in 1974 an IRA bomb exploded in Westminster Hall. In 1631 Mumtaz Mahal died prompting her husband to start the building of the Taj Mahal.

Taj Mahal - Crown of the Palace

Mumtaz Mahal was born in Agra in the Mughal Empire in 1593 and died on this day in 1631 at the age of 38. She was the chief consort to the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. She was of Persian origin with her father being a Persian noble.


According to some biographies she was an extremely talented learner speaking Arabic and Persian and being a composer of poems. She was married to Shah Jahan in 1612 in Agra; with the marriage being a love-match. They were married for 19 years and had 14 children together in total.

Shah Jahan

On the 17th of June 1631 she was giving birth to their 14th child and died.

Shah Jahan commissioned, in 1632, the Taj Mahal to be built as a mausoleum for her as a sign of his love and devotion. Construction completed in 1653 with the tomb being the centrepiece of the complex.


Watch a short video of the Taj Mahal by Amazing Places on Our Planet

Are you an budding artist? Watch this video on how to draw the Taj Mahal

Other events on this day

  • 1579: Sir Francis Drake claimed land which he called Nova Albion for England (modern California)
  • 1631: Mumtaz Mahal died; her husband built the Taj Mahal as her tomb
  • 1885: Statue of Liberty arrives in New York
  • 1940: Churchill broadcast on radio for Britain to conduct itself to be remembered as its finest hour
  • 1943: Laszlo Biro patents the ball-point pen
  • 1944: Iceland is declared a republic
  • 1970: Polaroid camera patented by Edwin Land
  • 1974: IRA bomb exploded in Houses of Parliament
  • 1991: last apartheid laws abolished in South Africa
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