On This Day 21 September
By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-09-21
In 1792 the French monarchy were formally proclaimed abolished; in 1915 Cecil Chubb bought Stonehenge for £6,600; in 1937 The Hobbit was published; in 1949 the People's Republic of China was proclaimed. In 1972 Ferdinand Marcos imposed martial law in the Philippines.
Martial law imposed for 8 years
On the 20th of September, 1972 Proclamation 1081 was the start of 14 years of authoritarian rule by Marcos of which 8 were under martial law. It was claimed that the following were the official reasons for martial law being imposed:
- response to leftist and rightist plots against the Marcos administration
- consequence of political decay after American-style democracy failed to take root
- reflection of the Filipino need for iron-fisted leadership
The first two reasons were in the proclamation itself while the third was present mainly in the propaganda by the Marcos regime. By the morning of the 23rd the martial law forces had been able to implement a media lockdown with only outlets associated to Marcos being allowed to operate. It was formally lifted on the 17th of January, 1981.
Other events on this day
- 1792: formal proclamation announcing the abolition of the French monarchy
- 1915: Cecil Chubb bought Stonehenge for £6,600 for his wife; it was given to the nation 3 years later
- 1937: The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien was published
- 1949: Chinese Communist leaders proclaimed the People's Republic of China
- 1972: Ferdinand Marcos imposed martial law in the Philippines (publicly announced 23/09)