On This Day 27 July

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-07-27
In 1377 the first quarantine legislation was passed in what would become Dubrovnik; in 1694 the Bank of England was founded; in 1836 first first establishment in South Australia on Kangaroo Island; in 1869 chewing gum was patented. In 1890 Vincent van Gogh committed suicide.

Auvers-sur-oise in 1890 was the place where Vincent van Gogh shot himself

Born in 1853 in the Netherlands, Van Gogh was troubled throughout his life with psychotic episodes and delusions neglecting both his mental and physical wellbeing. He was resident of several psychiatric hospitals eventually moving to Auvers-sur-oise just outside Paris.

He moved to France in 1886, living in the (in)famous Montmartre area where he painted portraits, and scenes. The painting below, currently in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, was painted in 1887 and is titled "Street Scene in Montmartre: Le Moulin a Poivre" and shows the area as he would have seen it at the time.

Vincent_Willem_van_Gogh_133

It was in 1888 that Van Gogh and Gauguin had an altercation which ended in Van Gogh severing his left ear with a razor after he was hounded by voices. Following the event he had no recollection and it has been thought that he suffered a mental breakdown.

Vincent_van_Gogh_-_Self-portrait_with_bandaged_ear_(1889,_Courtauld_Institute)

In 1890 he suffered a severe depressive episode and was able to paint and draw only a little. One of his pieces from this period is the "Sorrowing Old Man" made from a study of the pensioner and war veteran Adrianus Jacobus Zuyderland.

"What a fine sight an old working man makes, in his patched bombazine suit with his bald head."

800px-Van_Gogh_-_Trauernder_alter_Mann

It was on the 27th of July in a field that he shot himself, although the shot did not immediately kill him. He walked back to his residence and was tended as best the doctors could. He died on the 29th of July.

Mental Health

A study by the Samaritans showed that suicide was increasing and that the rate was highest among men aged 45-49.

You are not alone.

Some practical ways from the Samaritans:

  • It's okay. It's common to feel this way.
  • You are never alone. Reach out to the Samaritans or Campaign Against Living Miserably (contact details in the resources section)
  • These feelings may not last forever
  • Make time for yourself, relax and do things you enjoy
  • Eat healthily, get plenty of sleep and exercise
  • Spend time with people you love
  • Talk about your problems
  • Pay attention to what you're feeling

Campaign Against Living Miserably

Other events on this day

  • 1377: first legislation for quarantine passed in Dubrovnik
  • 1694: Bank of England founded by act of parliament
  • 1836: 1st formal settlement in South Australia established on Kangaroo Island
  • 1869: first patent for chewing gum received by Amos Tyler
  • 1890: Vincent van Gogh committed suicide
  • 2012: opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in London
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