On This Day 27 September

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-09-27
In 1066 William left Normandy to conquer England; in 1905 Einstein published E=mc2; in 1960 Bank Underground had the first "moving pavement" and in 1992 Pavarotti was caught lip syncing. In 1822 Champollion deciphered the Rosetta Stone.

Jean-François Champollion announced that he had deciphered the Rosetta Stone in 1822

Champollion was born in 1790 in France and was a scholar and known as the founding figure in Egyptology. He is best known for deciphering the Rosetta Stone.

Jean-François_Champollion,_by_Léon_Cogniet

The Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799 during the Napoleonic campaign in Egypt and contains three versions of a decree issued in Memphis in 196BCE. It has two texts in Ancient Egyptian using hieroglyphic and Demotic scripts and then the bottom text is in Ancient Greek.

Rosetta_Stone

Key to deciphering the hieroglyphics was the discovery that the demotic text used phonetic characters to spell foreign names allowing Champollion to decode the hieroglyphic text. The stone itself is made of black granodiorite and weights 760kg. If you want to see how your name would be transliterated into Egyptian hieroglyphics then there's a handy site here

You can see below the phonetic transliteration that Champollion cteated from Ancient Greek through to Demotic signs then through to Hieroglyphic signs.

800px-Champollion_table

If you're wondering - the text in the image below is "TheBoldAge | alive and kicking in our 50s and beyond" transliterated into hieroglyphics.

theboldage hieroglyphics

Other events on this day

  • 1066: William embarked from Normandy to conquer England
  • 1822: Champollion deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics using the Rosetta Stone
  • 1905: Einstein published "Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy content?" and introduced E=mc2
  • 1960: Bank Underground Station opened Europe's first "moving pavement"
  • 1992: Luciano Pavarotti was caught lip syncing during a live BBC radio performance
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