On This Day 29 May
By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-05-29
From the start of the Renaissance 567 years ago to the first Coca-Cola advert in 1886.
1919 - The Republic of Prekmurje was founded
On the 29th of May 1919 the Republic of Prekmurje was established through a declaration of independence from Hungary.
Prekmurje is a region in Central Eastern Europe (see the below map showing the borders of the Republic at the time). It is a region that has a population distinct in areas such as language, culture and religion from the other regions around it; there is a majority Slovene population and a minority Hungarian population in the area.
At the end of the Austro-Hungarian the region was split down Catholic and Lutheran lines with the Catholics being in support of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes while the Lutherans supported remaining under Hungarian rule.
In 1919 the Hungarian Soviet Republic was created which sought to take ownership of ecclesiastical assets which was resisted by the Catholics and Lutherans.
On the 29th of May, Vilmos Tkalecz declared independence from Hungary from the balcony (shown in the below photo). Tkalecz, however, frustrated the Catholics who did not support the republic.
On the 6th of June, 1919, the Hungarian Red Army dismantled the republic with Tkalecz escaping to Austria. In August of 1919 the Hungarian Soviet Republic was overthrown and later in the year the Serbian Army entered into Prekmurje.
The video below, from YouTube, shows a selection of photos of the area.
Other events on this day
- 757 - Paul (St Paul I) begins his reign as Catholic Pope
- 1453 - Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire fell to the Ottomans
- 1886 - first advertisement placed for Coca-Cola in The Atlanta Journal by John Pemberton
- 1919 - Einstein's Theory of Relativity confirmed by Arthur Eddington's expedition to West Africa
- 1919 - Republic of Prekmurje founded, later incorporated on the 6th of June into what would become Yugoslavia
- 1953 - summit of Mt Everest is first reached by Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary
- 1959 - Charles de Gaulle forms the French government
- 1999 - Discovery is the first shuttle to dock with the International Space Station