On This Day 3 July

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-07-03
The 3rd of July is known as the start of the Dog Days; in 1844 the Great Auks became extinct; in 1884 Dow Jones published their first stock average and 2 years later Karl Benz drove the first automobile. In 1971 Jim Morrison died of an overdose and in 1996 the House of Commons agreed to return the Stone of Scone to Scotland after 'borrowing' it in 1296. Read more about the Nansen Passport which was created in 1922.

Today is the start of the Dog Days and also the day in 1922 when the first stateless passport (Nansen) as created

On the 3rd of July 1922, Fridtjof Nansen (High Commissioner for Refugees at the League of Nations) convened the "Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees" in Geneva. This was driven by the end of WWI and the Soviet Union revoking citizenship of those Russians who were living abroad which included approximately 800,000 refugees from the Russian Civil War.

Agreement was reached and the first Nansen Passports were issued. These passports were the official stateless persons passports of the time and internationally recognised by 52 countries at the time.


About 450,000 passports were provided to stateless individuals and refugees who required documents but could not get one from their relevant government.


Nansen died in 1930 and subsequently the passports were managed by the Nanen International Office for Refugees and issued in the name of the League of Nations. The office was closed in 1938 at which point the passports expired. Documents were then taken care of by the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees based in London.

Some names you may have heard who were holders of the Nansen Passport include: - Marc Chagall - Aristotle Onassis - Sergey Rachmaninov - Rabbi Menachem Mendel Scheerson - Igor Stravinsky - King Alfonso XIII of Spain

Statelessness is not relegated to the past.

There are, today in 2020, about 4.2M Stateless people in the world.

Watch Daphne Iking's Tedx Talk on "The State of Statelessness"

Read more about Statelessness in the UK here

The UN Refugee Agency produced the following which was updated on the 18th of June 2020


You may also want to follow some of the following people on Twitter to keep up-to-date on the state of statelessness and similar issues: - European Network on Statelessness - Professor Tanja Bueltmann | website - UNHCR Refugees

Other events on this day

  • 1844: Great Auks became extinct
  • 1884: Dow Jones published their first stock average
  • 1886: Karl Benz drove the first automobile in Mannheim
  • 1922: Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates in Geneva created the Nansen passport
  • 1971: Jim Morrison died of an overdose
  • 1996: Stone of Scone agreed to be returned to Scotland by the House of Commons
  • 2013: coup in Egypt forced out Morsi
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