On This Day 30 September

By TheBoldAge. Published 2020-09-30
In 1199 Maimonides authorised the translation from Arabic to Hebrew of his "Guide to the perplexed"; in 1840 the foundation to Nelson's column was laid; in 1938 the Treaty of Munich was signed; in 1946 22 Nazis were found guilty in Nuremberg. In 1791 The Magic Flute (Die Zauberfloete) premiered in Vienna.

Die Zauberflöte - The magic flute

As one of the world's most performed operas, The Magic Flute is an opera in 2 acts and included both singing and a spoken dialogue. It was on the 30th of September, 1791, that it premiered in the Theater auf def Wieden i nVienna.

Zauberflöte-Theaterzettel1791

"In this opera, the Queen of the Night persuades Prince Tamino to rescue her daughter Pamina from captivity under the high priest Sarastro; instead, he learns the high ideals of Sarastro's community and seeks to join it. Separately, then together, Tamino and Pamina undergo severe trials of initiation, which end in triumph, with the Queen and her cohorts vanquished. The earthy Papageno, who accompanies Tamino on his quest, fails the trials completely but is rewarded anyway with the hand of his ideal female companion, Papagena."

The opera drew in large crowds and had hundreds of performances during the 1790s. On the 7th of October Mozart wrote to his sister: "I have this moment returned from the opera, which was as full as ever"

Other events on this day

  • 1199: Maimonides (Rambam) authorised Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate "Guide to the perplexed" from Arabic into Hebrew
  • 1791: Mozart's The Magic Flute premiered in Vienna
  • 1840: foundation stone to Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square was laid
  • 1928: the first precursor to Tintin (Kuifje) was published by Le Sifflet
  • 1938: Britain, France, Italy and Germany signed the Munich Treaty, annexing part of Czechoslovakia
  • 1946: 22 Nazi leaders were found guilty in the Nuremberg trials and sentenced to death or prison; including Goering
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